Exfoliation is essential for younger-looking, radiant, and softer skin. But removing dead skin cells doesn't just refer to those scrubby formulas we all have grown habitual to. There are various other ways to eliminate these dead cells from your face and keep it beautiful.
In the skincare world, hydroxy-acids have received considerable attention and are commonly used in various skin care products. Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) are one of them. They primarily work by exfoliating or gently sloughing off the topmost layer of the skin. This exposes new and healthy skin cells, and makes your skin more luminous.
Incorporate AHAs into your daily skincare ritual and make them your skin-care staples. Scroll down to know more about these skin care saviors.
- What are AHAs and their different types?
- Why not miss AHAs for skin?
- Difference between AHA and BHA
- Tips to get the best results from AHAs
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What are AHAs and its different types?
AHAs are water-soluble acids derived from plant and animal-based sources. AHAs encompass several different types of acids such as tartaric acid (from grapes), citric acid (from citrus fruits), lactic acid (from sour milk/curd), glycolic acid (from sugar cane), hydroxycaproic acid (from royal jelly), malic acid (from apples), hydroxycaprylic acid (from animals), and mandelic acid (from almonds).
Why not miss AHAs for skin?
Although the word ‘acid’ may sound scary and you may think that incorporating it in your skincare products may create havoc on the skin, but it is not so! Being scientifically-backed, AHAs work gently on the skin, have a prolonged skin-repairing effect, and are safe to use for most skin types. Click here to find out your skin type.
Now, let’s dive in to explore the multifaceted benefits of AHAs for your skin!
1. Yields antioxidant benefits
AHAs have wonderful antioxidant potential, making them a great pick for combating free radical damage and also lightening the obnoxious dark spots, sunspots, tanning, and hyperpigmentation.
2. Have super exfoliant powers
When your skin cells die, they may get accumulated at the top of your skin. AHAs dissolve the "glue" that holds them together and gently shed off these dead cells.
These amazing acids exfoliate your skin at the cellular level, helping it to get rid of dead skin cells that can clog your pores and dull your complexion. The result? Pretty much all of the things you desire such as less dark spots, more vibrant skin, and a firm, even and smoother texture.
Along AHA acid, try home remedies to get rid of dull skin.
3. Stimulate collagen production
Collagen is good for your skin, as you age, the levels of collagen in the skin decrease. Also, the harmful UV rays may cause the breakdown of this fibrous protein and can plague you with a variety of skin woes including lackluster complexions and sagging skin.
AHAs don't just work on the skin epidermis but also display remarkable effects on the dermis (the deeper layer of your skin). By boosting collagen production, AHAs give you plump and smooth skin. In addition to it, you can also incorporate collagen-rich food into your diet to increase collagen levels in your body.
AHAs possess antimicrobial effects that can eradicate acne-causing bacteria. This may prevent acne breakouts and also make AHAs a good option to treat stubborn acne. Struggling with acne? Try Acne Solution Combo Pack that will help you to control your acne breakouts.
Also follow acne prone skin care routine to prevent further breakouts.
5. Hydrates your skin
AHAs lock moisture in your skin that allows it to stay soft and hydrated. Its moisturizing properties can soothe dry skin and also visibly brighten your complexion.
The humectants like lactic acid, glycolic acid, and malic acid attract water to the skin, thus allowing your skin to stay hydrated. For those having dry skin, lactic acid is the topmost choice for restoring hydration.
6. Have anti-aging benefits
Apart from being effective exfoliating agents, AHAs also offer anti-aging benefits. By improving collagen production by fibroblasts (the collagen-producing cells in the skin) by reducing degradation of the existing dermal matrix, and by increasing blood flow, AHAs help to minimize the appearance of surface lines and wrinkles. Wrinkles are annoying, so follow the top 10 tips to prevent and remove wrinkles.
In a study by Diana Tran, an anti-aging skin care system containing AHAs and vitamins was found to remarkably improve wrinkles, texture, and elasticity of skin without any significant side effects.
7. Promotes blood flow to the skin
The anti-inflammatory properties of AHAs aid to boost blood flow to your skin. Proper blood flow also ascertains that your skin cells get the essential nutrients needed via oxygen-rich red blood cells and may help to alleviate dull skin. Do you feel that glow has disappeared from your face and your skin has become dull? Follow best DIY to get your glowing skin back.
8. Help increase product absorption
In addition to their own tremendous benefits, AHAs can make your existing products work better by improving their absorption into the skin. For example, citric acid is effective in improving the efficacy of topically applied sunscreen products.
9. Rejuvenates your skin
AHAs improve the texture and health of your skin and may enhance the skin barrier functions, thus rejuvenating it.
Difference between AHA and BHA
AHAs are water-soluble while beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs) are oil-soluble. AHAs primarily work on the skin's surface to peel off the top layer of dead skin.
On the other hand, being oil-soluble, BHAs can go deep inside the pores to target oil glands and diminish excess oil production. So, BHAs are great for you if you have acne-prone skin while AHAs are usually preferred for normal to dry, sun-damaged skin and are great for you if you want to tackle signs of aging.
Due to their larger molecular size, BHAs tend to be less irritating when compared to AHAs. There is a lot more about BHAs, you can read here!
Tips to get the best results from AHAs
As per Food and Drug Administration, the recommended concentration of AHA to be used in cosmetic products is 10% or less. Select a product that blends together lower amounts of numerous different types of AHAs, rather than utilizing a super high amount of just one AHA.
While a raised potency of any one acid may offer remarkable benefits, combining different acids at reduced strengths may be less irritating. This is because they penetrate at different depths and present distinct hydrating abilities. To prevent skin irritation, you should avoid using retinoids at the same time of day as AHAs and be careful when using both BHAs (such as salicylic acid) and AHAs.
While all the AHAs act as chemical exfoliants on the surface of your skin, they differ in size, and consequently, their potency and penetration vary. The smaller the molecule, the deeper the penetration and greater the efficacy. But, raised efficacy can also mean a greater likelihood for irritation, particularly if you have sensitive skin.
Given their incredibly broad range of effects, most of you can benefit from using AHAs. You just need to be diligent to discover the right AHA, suitable concentration, and the right combination of AHAs for your particular skin type.
Looking for AHA rich face wash? Try Derma Essentia Vitamin C Face Wash with fruit AHA. This single-step cleanser is devised for that spotless natural glow you always desired. The natural fruit AHA eradicates the dead skin cells and also restores the skin’s protective pH balance.
The wonderful ingredients of this AHA face wash aid to get rid of dirt, impurities & eliminate excess oil from the face without stripping your skin's moisture. It minimizes sebum production, promotes collagen and blood flow, has antioxidant potential, and improves skin luminosity. For the first time in India, this face wash is backed with the Chrono beauty concept to synchronize the skin’s circadian rhythm. Now, tackle your skin concerns ranging from fine lines and wrinkles to clogged pores and rough, dull skin with AHAs. Don't hesitate give it a try and Experience Healthy Skin.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What does AHA do to the skin?
AHAs are mainly used to exfoliate the top layers of your skin. Apart from their exfoliating properties, they also offer antioxidant, anti-acne, acne-fighting, and collagen-boosting benefits to your skin.
Is AHA harmful to the skin?
Overuse, or using a concentration that's too high, can lead to irritated and inflamed skin. AHAs can increase the sensitivity of your skin to the harmful effects of sun. So, be extra cautious about applying gel-based sunscreen with SPF 50 sunscreen on your face daily and re-applying every two hours.
Is AHA good for oily skin?
It is best to use AHA if you have dry skin and surface-level skin concerns like acne scars. On the other hand, BHAs are best for you if you have oily and acne-prone skin.