Ans. Dandruff is a common scalp condition characterized by the presence of dry, white or yellowish flakes of dead skin that shed from the scalp. It is often accompanied by itching and can be a source of embarrassment or discomfort. Dandruff is primarily caused by the overgrowth of a naturally occurring fungus called Malassezia, which feeds on the oils secreted by the scalp.
This overgrowth can lead to an increased rate of skin cell turnover, resulting in the accumulation and shedding of dead skin cells in the form of dandruff flakes. Factors like oily or dry scalp, sensitivity to hair care products, poor scalp hygiene, and certain skin conditions can contribute to the development of dandruff.
Ans. To remove dandruff, you can follow these steps:
Use an anti-dandruff shampoo: Look for shampoos specifically formulated to treat dandruff. They often contain ingredients like ketoconazole, pyrithione zinc, selenium sulfide, or coal tar, which can help reduce dandruff.
Massage your scalp: While shampooing, gently massage your scalp with your fingertips to loosen any flakes and improve blood circulation.
Rinse thoroughly: Ensure that you rinse your hair and scalp thoroughly to remove all traces of shampoo and flakes.
Brush your hair: Regularly brushing your hair helps to distribute the natural oils from your scalp and prevent the accumulation of dead skin cells.
Ans. Dandruff is primarily caused by the overgrowth of a fungus called Malassezia on the scalp. However, several factors can contribute to dandruff:
Oily scalp: Excessive sebum (oil) production on the scalp can provide a favourable environment for the growth of Malassezia.
Dry scalp: On the other hand, a dry scalp can lead to flaking and the appearance of dandruff.
Sensitivity to hair care products: Some people may be sensitive to certain hair care products, including shampoos or conditioners, which can trigger dandruff-like symptoms.
Poor scalp hygiene: Irregular or inadequate cleansing of the scalp can lead to the buildup of oils, dead skin cells, and product residues, contributing to dandruff.
Certain skin conditions: Dandruff can be associated with certain skin conditions like seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, or eczema.
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