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What are the ways to prevent from Pitted Acne Scars?

What are the ways to prevent from Pitted Acne Scars?

Dealing with acne could be hard enough but the marks left behind are an entirely different task to deal with. These marks can form hyperpigmentation to pitting scars which particularly can be very troublesome.

These pitted scars could take around weeks or months to disappear from your skin surface. But taking a few precautions steps or a skincare routine could help the chances of pitted scars left by acne.

Let's see what further to expect:-

What are Pitted Acne Scars?

Pitted Acne scars are acne scars that are distinguished by their hollow identifiable impression on the skin. This concave appearance is caused by of sudden decrease of collagen.

Types of pitted acne scars:-

  • Boxcar acne:- These are broad and sharp with well-defined edges. The perfect example of boxcar acne is chicken pox scar.
  • Ice pick scars:- These are thin, narrow, and deep acne scars.
  • Rolling scars:- Rolling scars are similar to boxcar scars in that they are smooth with undulating edges.

How to prevent the chances of having pitted acne scars?

Early Acne Treatment:

Benzoyl Peroxide:

How it works: Benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial substance that kills acne-causing bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes) by releasing oxygen into the pores. It also has mild anti-inflammatory effects.

Usage: Benzoyl peroxide is available in various strengths, ranging from 2.5% to 10%, in both over-the-counter and prescription formulations. It is often found in cleansers, gels, creams, and spot treatments.

Salicylic Acid:

How it works: Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid that exfoliates the skin, assisting in the removal of dead skin cells and preventing pore congestion. It has anti-inflammatory properties and can be used to treat blackheads and whiteheads.

Usage: Salicylic acid is commonly found in over-the-counter cleansers, toners, and spot treatments. It is available in various concentrations, typically ranging from 0.5% to 2%.

Retinoids:

How they work: Retinoids are vitamin A compounds that include retinol, tretinoin and adapalene. They work by increasing cell turnover, preventing new comedones (clogged pores), and decreasing inflammation. They can also help fade dark spots left by acne.

Usage: Retinoids are accessible in both nonprescription and prescription forms. Prescription-strength retinoids are more potent and are often recommended for more severe cases. Retinoids should be used exactly as indicated because they can induce early discomfort and sensitivity.

Avoid Picking or Squeezing:

Picking, squeezing, or popping acne lesions can aggravate inflammation and increase the risk of scarring.

Picking can cause damage to the surrounding skin, leading to more severe scars.

Gentle Cleansing:

For pitted acne, opt for a non-comedogenic, fragrance-free cleanser with gentle ingredients like chamomile or aloe vera. Choose a hydrating or moisturizing formula containing ingredients such as hyaluronic acid or glycerin to prevent excessive dryness.

To gently exfoliate your skin, use cleansers that contain mild acids such as Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) or Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs), such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid. It's crucial to start with lower concentrations to avoid irritation.

Use Sunscreen:

Sunscreen is essential for preventing pitted acne complications. It shields the skin from harmful UV rays, reducing the risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation that can make scars more noticeable.

By preventing inflammation and protecting collagen from UV-induced breakdown, sunscreen supports the healing process of pitted acne scars. It also minimizes the risk of premature ageing caused by sun damage, maintaining smoother skin.

For acne-prone skin, use a non-comedogenic, oil-free sunscreen containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.

Healthy Lifestyle:

Hydration: Drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated. Well-hydrated skin is less prone to dryness and irritation, which can exacerbate acne.

Balanced Diet: Consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Avoid excessive consumption of sugary and processed foods, as they may contribute to inflammation.

Limit Dairy and High-Glycemic Foods: Some studies suggest that dairy and high-glycemic foods may contribute to acne. Consider reducing your intake of these foods.

Regular Exercise: Engage in regular physical activity to improve blood circulation and promote overall well-being. Sweating can also help unclog pores, but it's essential to cleanse your skin afterwards.

Take Aways

Acne can leave different marks on the skin, such as discolouration, dents, or raised scars. Fortunately, various treatments can help improve these skin issues. For pitted scars, it's best to take skincare steps to avoid further formation of these types of scars.

P.S.:- The best way to avoid the formation of Pitted acne is to follow 4 step skincare routine if you have acne-prone skin.

FAQs

Q. How to fill in pitted acne scars?

Ans. Natural treatments for pitted acne scars include:

Honey and Aloe Vera Mask: Mix equal parts honey and aloe vera gel, apply and leave on for 20 minutes.

Rosehip Seed Oil: Apply a few drops of rosehip seed oil to the scars daily.

Lemon Juice: Apply lemon juice diluted with water on scars, avoiding sun exposure.

Olive Oil and Baking Soda Scrub: Mix olive oil and baking soda to create a gentle exfoliating scrub.

Q. What causes pitted acne scars?

Ans. Pitted acne scars result from severe inflammatory acne, particularly cystic or nodular acne, where deep lesions damage the skin's collagen and elastin. Inflammation activates the body's wound-healing response, which results in the creation of scar tissue. This tissue loss might result in indentations or depressions on the skin's surface. Additionally, picking or squeezing acne lesions can worsen scarring. Genetics may also play a role, as some people are predisposed to scarring due to differences in how their skin heals.

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