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Acne Breakouts

Acne Breakouts Before Periods and Ways to Manage It

Dealing with acne breakouts on face before your period can be frustrating and distressing. It's a problem that many people who have menstrual cycles frequently encounter. The hormonal fluctuations that occur in the days leading up to menstruation can wreak havoc on your skin, leading to pimples, acne, and other skin problems. However, you can take proactive measures to lessen and stop breakouts at this time.

We will delve into the science behind premenstrual breakouts and provide you with a range of strategies to help you maintain clear and radiant skin throughout your menstrual cycle. From understanding the role of hormones to adopting a skincare routine tailored to your needs, we've got you covered. Let's get started on your journey to a breakout-free period!


Why do skin breakouts occur before Periods?

Sudden Acne Breakout on face before periods occur primarily due to hormonal fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These hormonal changes can affect the skin in several ways, leading to the development of pimples, acne, and other skin issues. Here's a breakdown of why breakouts tend to happen before menstruation:

Hormone Fluctuations: Throughout the menstrual cycle, the levels of key hormones, primarily estrogen and progesterone, fluctuate. These alterations have an immediate impact on the skin.

Oestrogen's Protective Effect: Oestrogen levels increase throughout the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle. Estrogen has several beneficial effects on the skin, including promoting collagen production, which keeps the skin firm and youthful. Additionally, it aids in preserving the thickness and hydration of the skin, keeping it from getting excessively dry or oily.

Progestin's Influence: In the second half of the menstrual cycle (the luteal phase), estrogen levels decrease while progesterone levels rise. This shift can result in several skin-related issues:

Increased Oil Production: Progesterone activates the sebaceous glands of the skin, increasing oil production. This extra oil has the potential to block pores and cause acne.

Clogged Pores: As the sebaceous glands produce more oil, the risk of pores becoming clogged with dead skin cells and oil increases. This creates an ideal environment for the growth of acne-causing bacteria.

Inflammation: Progesterone can also cause water retention and inflammation. This can make existing pimples appear more inflamed and prominent.

Changes in Skin's pH: Hormonal changes can cause the pH balance of the skin to change, making it more acidic. This change can contribute to skin irritation and the development of acne.

Stress and Mood Swings: Hormonal changes can also impact mood and stress levels. Increased stress can cause breakouts because it causes the hormone cortisol, which can exacerbate acne, to be released.

How to prevent skin breakouts before periods?

Reduce the intake of Diary Products

Reducing dairy intake may help minimize premenstrual acne for some due to hormonal influences and potential inflammation linked to dairy consumption. Dairy products can contain hormones that affect sebum production, while also possibly triggering an inflammatory response.

Furthermore, the high glycemic index of certain dairy items may contribute to insulin resistance, potentially elevating androgen levels and promoting acne. However, acne is multifactorial, with genetic factors, skincare practices, and diet all playing roles. While dairy reduction isn't a guaranteed solution, it's a strategy to explore if you suspect a connection between dairy and your breakouts, though consulting a healthcare provider is advisable.

What Is Acne Breakout

Skin Ingredients

Several skincare ingredients can help manage skin breakouts that occur before periods by addressing excess oil production, inflammation, and acne-causing bacteria. Here are some key ingredients to look for in your skincare products:

  • Salicylic Acid: This beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) is excellent for unclogging pores and reducing acne. It penetrates the oil in the pores and helps to exfoliate dead skin cells, preventing breakouts.
  • Benzoyl peroxide: Benzoyl peroxide works well in eliminating acne-causing germs and minimising irritation. It is available in various concentrations, so consult a dermatologist to determine the right strength for your skin.
  • Glycolic Acid: Glycolic acid, an exfoliator that smoothes out the skin's surface and can be used to treat mild acne, is an example of an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). It also promotes collagen production.
  • Niacinamide (Vitamin B3): Niacinamide has anti-inflammatory properties and can regulate oil production. It can ease sensitive skin and lessen redness.
  • Retinoids (Retinol): Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that improve general skin texture, encourage skin cell turnover, and prevent clogged pores. They can be helpful in preventing breakouts when used as part of a nighttime routine.
  • Tea Tree Oil: Known for its antimicrobial properties, tea tree oil can be used as a spot treatment for acne. Dilute it with a carrier oil before applying to avoid skin irritation.
  • Sulfur: Sulphur can lessen inflammation and has antibacterial effects. It's commonly found in spot treatments and masks designed for acne-prone skin.
  • Hyaluronic Acid: This ingredient helps maintain skin hydration, which is essential for preventing excessive oil production in response to dryness.
  • Green Tea Extract: Antioxidants in green tea can calm irritated skin and lessen its redness. Some skincare products incorporate green tea extract for its calming effects.
  • Zinc: Zinc is well known for its anti-inflammatory effects and its function in controlling the formation of oil. Zinc is an active component in some topical products.

Include Vitamin B6 into your diet before Periods

Incorporating Vitamin B6 into your diet before your period can potentially help avoid acne breakouts. Vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine, plays a role in hormonal regulation, and its deficiency can be linked to hormonal imbalances that contribute to premenstrual acne. Here's how adding Vitamin B6 to your diet may help:

Hormonal Balance: Vitamin B6 helps regulate hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. Maintaining a balanced hormonal profile can reduce the severity of hormonal acne.

Sebum Production: By influencing hormone levels, Vitamin B6 may help control excessive sebum (oil) production, which can clog pores and lead to acne.

Inflammation: Because vitamin B6 contains anti-inflammatory qualities, it can lessen skin inflammation and lessen the severity and discomfort of breakouts.

  • To increase your Vitamin B6 intake:

Dietary Sources: Incorporate foods rich in Vitamin B6 into your diet, such as poultry, fish, bananas, potatoes, chickpeas, and fortified cereals.

Take Aways

Dealing with breakouts before your period can be a common and frustrating issue due to hormonal fluctuations. These hormonal changes can affect your skin, leading to pimples and acne. However, by understanding the role of hormones and adopting a tailored skincare routine, you can take proactive steps to prevent and manage breakouts during your menstrual cycle.

Additionally, dietary adjustments, such as reducing dairy intake and incorporating vitamin B6-rich foods, can further help in maintaining clear and radiant skin. Always seek out individualised guidance from a dermatologist or other healthcare professional. So, let's embark on your journey to a breakout-free period with a combination of science-based strategies and home remedies.


Q. How to stop acne breakouts?

Ans. To prevent acne breakouts, maintain a consistent skincare routine with a gentle cleanser and non-comedogenic products. Avoid touching your face, pick or pop pimples, and use oil-free makeup. Stay hydrated, eat a balanced diet, and manage stress. Regularly wash pillowcases and avoid excessive sun exposure. If needed, consult a dermatologist for personalized treatment options.

Q. How to lessen acne breakouts?

Ans. To reduce acne breakouts, maintain a consistent skincare regimen with gentle cleansing and non-comedogenic products. Avoid touching your face, or picking at acne, and opt for oil-free makeup. Stay hydrated, maintain a balanced diet, and manage stress. Wash pillowcases regularly and use sunscreen. Consult a dermatologist for tailored treatment if needed.

Q. Is acne breakout a sign of pregnancy?

Ans. Acne breakouts can be a sign of pregnancy for some women. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can lead to increased oil production, potentially causing acne. However, it's not a definitive sign on its own, and other symptoms like missed periods, breast changes, and fatigue are more reliable indicators of pregnancy. A pregnancy test is the best way to confirm.

Q. How to prevent acne breakouts home remedies?

Ans. To prevent acne breakouts with home remedies, adopt a consistent skincare routine. Use a gentle cleanser twice daily, exfoliate weekly, and moisturize with non-comedogenic products. Apply diluted tea tree oil or masks made from honey and aloe vera for their antibacterial properties. Maintain a balanced diet, manage stress, and change pillowcases regularly to reduce acne risks.

Q. What foods cause acne breakouts?

Ans. High-glycemic foods like sugary treats, white bread, and processed snacks can trigger acne breakouts. Dairy products, especially skim milk, are also linked to increased acne. Greasy and fried foods may exacerbate acne in some individuals. Additionally, excessive consumption of chocolate and high-iodine foods like seaweed can potentially contribute to acne breakouts. It's essential to maintain a balanced diet and monitor how specific foods affect your skin to manage acne effectively.

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