Everyone regardless of their skin type has irritated or inflamed skin from time to time and these irritations usually come out as redness, bumps, blisters, dryness and flakiness on the skin. There are lots of causes of these inflammation and sometimes even occur because of the use of skincare products like face serum, face wash or face cream etc.
Most women consider that they have sensitive skin which is much more prone to dryness, redness, flakiness, etc. but this doesn't mean that they suffer from conditions like eczema or dermatitis.
So, when your skin gets irritated or inflamed the primary concern should be to immediately stop the use of harsher ingredients and make sure you give enough time for your skin to get healed, calmed and the situation is not aggravated.
If your skin is irritated then here are the possible causes and solutions to it.
What are the causes of irritated skin?
Among all the causes the major ones can be considered as dehydration and overuse of products like exfoliators and retinols.
Dehydration is the reason behind dryness of your skin, it might occur because you are not drinking enough water or your beauty routine is not giving the required amount of moisture to your skin. So, it is necessary to hydrate your skin and drink plenty of water. One can also use hyaluronic acid serums, moisturisers and face oils to prevent your skin from drying.
Exfoliators and Retinols
Another important cause of inflammation and irritation is the overuse of products like exfoliators and retinols. Physical exfoliants like scrubs, masks and chemical exfoliants like AHA’s and BHA’s can cause irritation even on the most resilient skin. Retinol is a well known anti-aging ingredient but it also can have similar results like a chemical exfoliant, so should be used effectively.
Before altering your skincare routine you should definitely consult a dermatologist, so that he can analyse your daily habits and routine and suggest skincare tips that don't aggravate your problem. So you can even use skincare products containing the following ingredients as they are the best for soothing your skin.
- 1. Aloevera
- 2. Tea Tree Oil
- 3. Calendula
- 4. Chamomile
- 5. Honey
- 6. Turmeric benefits for skin
- 7. Liquorice
- 8. Allantoin
- 9. Milk protein
- 10. Bisabolol
Aloe Vera is the most commonly used ingredient for alleviating skin irritation and inflammation. It has hydrating and soothing properties because of polysaccharides, sterols and lots of antioxidants present in it. There are a variety of skincare products available in the market whose chief constituent is aloe vera and sole purpose of using it as an ingredient is its hydrating, refreshing and anti-oxidative properties.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is highly effective in promoting healthy skin by its soothing and hydrating properties. It soothes the skin by reducing itching, irritation and inflammation. It has anti-inflammatory properties which help in relieving itchy skin and reduce the infection that causes it. Tea tree oil benefits the skin by getting rid of redness, pain, swelling associated with inflammation.
Calendula is rich in various beneficial compounds that not only protects our cells but also strengthens them with its anti bacterial and anti inflammatory properties. When applied topically, it destroys the bacteria and provides dry skin with powerful antioxidants. It even hydrates the skin without activating the sebaceous glands, that is the reason why it is a chief ingredient in various skincare products.
Chamomile extracts have excellent relaxing properties and it reduces the redness of the skin that is irritated and inflamed. This occurs because of its anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties which help in reducing the dryness and itchiness on the skin. It has a balm like texture due to which it easily flows over the skin and hydrates and soothes it effectively. Presence of powerful antioxidants like Vitamin E helps in protecting the skin from any further damage and even locks the moisture between the skin cells.
Honey is a natural humectant, it keeps the skin hydrated and moist without making it oily. This occurs because it draws moisture from the cells and gets it locked within the skin to keep it hydrated. It has natural soothing and healing properties and nourishes the skin effectively. Honey benefits for skin by working as an exfoliator and removes the dead skin leaving you with a much better and radiant complexion.
Turmeric benefits for skin
Turmeric is now present in lots of skincare products because of its anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, exfoliating, soothing, detoxifying properties. These characteristics help in providing glow and lustre to the skin and help in reviving the damaged or inflamed skin. Turmeric has proved to be effective in healing wounds, inflammation, psoriasis, acne scarring and various other dermatological conditions.
Liquorice is considered to have a soothing effect on the skin and it also reduces the inflammation. It contains glycyrrhizin which reduces redness, soreness, swelling, irritation and helps in treating various skin conditions like eczema and dermatitis. Liquorice regenerates elastin and collagen in the skin that smoothes the touch and stretches easily. Amino acids present in it helps in keeping the skin hydrated.
Allantoin is a very important anti-irritant which is used for soothing, calming and relieving the skin. It has been effectively used in healing wounds because of its cell regeneration properties and is used in treatment of abrasions and burns. It even moisturises the skin and reduces the dryness, itching, flakiness and irritation on the skin.
Milk protein is a very common ingredient present in moisturisers, cleansers, soaps and creams. It is highly beneficial in soothing dry, flaky skin and hydrates and locks moisture in the skin. It contains proteins like casein, whey, fats, amino acids, vitamins A and D which calms the upset and irritated skin.
Bisabolol has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and anti-irritant properties, due to these characteristics it has a calming effect on the skin and reduces redness, irritation, itchiness and helps in treatment of various skin problems. Using products containing bisabolol helps in boosting the moisture present in the skin.
The thumb rule one should consider before looking for a good skincare product is to find that the ingredients present in it have hydrating, antiseptic ,soothing properties and are designed to strengthen the skin barrier. For this, consultation from a dermatologist or skin care specialist is necessary because they will advise you the best skin care products for a soft and clear skin, keeping in mind your skin tone and types.