Sunburn is a type of radiation burn of the skin that results from overexposure of harmful rays of the sun (ultraviolet rays).
Contrarily to thermal burn, most of the time, initially people may not get to know that they are suffering from sunburn. Around the time the skin starts getting red and painful, the damage has been already done.
In a severe case of sunburn, people may also get blisters. There might be swelling as well. Further, the problem can also get worse if the treatment is not done on time.
Read more about the causes and symptoms of sunburn.
However, the question is what should be done to prevent and treat sunburn?
Let's find out the sunburn treatment:
1) Prevention is better than cure
You can easily find the broad spectrum sunscreens in the market, which can protect your skin from the harmful effects of uv rays - UVA and UVB rays.
The application of sunscreen on a daily basis protects you from sun damage like suntan and sunburn. You are safe if your skin has a coat of this skincare product. Also, try to buy gel-based broad-spectrum sunscreen as the gel formulation keeps your skin hydrated and will provide a soothing effect.
2) Quickly cool down the burn
Although, if you get a sunburn, try to quickly cool the burn as it will help to soothe the skin and reduce the inflammation.
Take a cool bath, shower, or Sponge the burn with cool moistened cloth. Remember not to apply ice directly.
3) Keep inflamed skin moisturized
After having a bath or cold therapy, moisten the burned skin with an ultra-hydrating moisturizer, which keeps the skin moist, hydrated, and smooth. This will prevent inflammation and irritation. Keep applying moisturizer every day till the burnt area gets improved.
4) Drink ample water
Do you know that sunburns can draw the fluids present in your skin and body? It does. That is why keep yourself hydrated during this condition. Take juices, water, and fluids as possible as can.
Don't let your body dehydrate.
5) Take OTC analgesic or NSAIDs
Take aspirin or ibuprofen for pain relief or to reduce swelling, or redness. Do the home-based treatments first and if you're not getting relief from pain that much, then opt for these over-the-counter (OTC) medications.
6) Do home remedies for sunburn
Home ingredients like aloe vera, chamomile tea, and baking soda can help to get rid of the problem of sunburn. Click here and explore the remedies to treat the sunburned skin based on these ingredients, and do these every day.
7) Apply OTC topical steroid cream
Other than topical home remedies, you can also try OTC steroid cream. These will help you get relief from pain. But must consult the doctor before using any medication. Also, never go for creams containing local anaesthetics like benzocaine, etc. because these can cause allergic reactions in the affected area.
8) Wear full covered clothes
Try to wear full length covered and tightly woven clothes to get your affected area protected from the sun.
9) Avoid scrub or bath salts and scented items
Yes, you read right. Avoid these things for some days as these things can cause irritation or allergic reactions.
10) Consult the doctor
If your condition is suffering from intense pain, blistering, fever of 102°F, nausea, and vomiting, you must seek medical care.
These are some of the key points that can help you to get over from sunburn or for sun protection. Must try these if you will ever suffer from this skin problem.