Acne is primarily caused by the overproduction of oil by the sebaceous glands. This excess oil, along with dead skin cells and bacteria, can clog the hair follicles. Hormonal changes, stress, certain medications, and genetic factors can also contribute to acne.
To prevent acne, it is important to maintain a consistent skincare routine. This includes washing your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser, avoiding harsh or greasy products, and using non-comedogenic moisturizers. Additionally, maintaining a healthy diet, managing stress levels, and avoiding touching your face can help prevent acne breakouts.
There are several types of acne treatments available, depending on the severity and type of acne. Over-the-counter treatments such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and sulfur products can be effective for mild acne. For moderate to severe acne, prescription medications like topical retinoids, antibiotics, or oral medications may be necessary. In some cases, dermatologists may recommend procedures like chemical peels, and extraction of acne lesions.
The timeline for acne treatments to work varies depending on the individual and the type of treatment. Over-the-counter treatments may show results within a few weeks, while prescription medications may take several weeks to months to see improvement. It is important to continue using the treatments as directed by your healthcare provider, even if you don't see immediate results.
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