A Brief about Puffy Eyes
Do your eyes look swollen or puffy? The swollen eyelids are due to the fluid that builds up in the thin layer of the surrounding tissue of the eyes, and the eyelids or the eyes can swell. Pink eyes are also seen in some cases. This swelling is referred to as puffy eyes.
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What are puffy eyes?
Puffy eyes are swelling of the eyes and are also known as periorbital puffiness. It refers to the accumulation of the excess fluid (oedema) in the connective tissues throughout the eye, most commonly the eyelids.
Puffy eyes are also known as under-eye bags or bags under eyes. These are called due to the mild puffiness and swelling around the eyes. It is common as you age.
Puffy eyes or under-eye bags are rarely an indication of a major medical condition. Cold compresses at home can reduce the appearance of puffy eyes.
Generally, the eye swelling goes away on its own within a day but if the swelling lasts longer for 24-48 hours, you must visit an eye care professional.
Puffy under eyes causes
Ageing is one of the main causes of the puffiness under the eyes. The skin under the eyes is very thin, which changes as you age. With ageing, the tissue in the eyelids gets weakened and due to this the fat in the upper eyelid can fall, coming to the lower eyelid.
Fluid accumulation is more likely to happen in the lower eyelid as you age. The fluid retention in the looks very prominent in the thin skin around the eyelids. The fluid retention is known as oedema. Oedema causes the eyes to appear puffier especially when you get up in the morning but as you start blinking it puffiness goes away.
Other reasons that cause puffy eyes
Not enough sleep
Research study has found that not getting enough sleep is one the reason for the puffy eyes. It is also the reason for dark circles under the eyes, red eyes and droopy eyelids.
The muscles around the eyes get weaker due to lack of sleep. This is also the cause of loss of elastin and collagen tissue under the eyes. This causes the fluid to accumulate and make the area to swell. This under-eye swelling may last for 24 hours because of the little sleep.
The signs will become permanent if you have poor sleep regularly. Seven to nine hours of sleep is a must for adults.
Too much salt intake
Intake of too much salt in the diet can make the body retain water. The excess of water causes swelling and puffiness in the face and body. The skin around the eyes is very thin therefore is at higher risk of puffier. This leads to under-eye bags and also dark circles.
To reduce the puffy eyes, you should cut down the salt intake. Packaged and processed foods that have added salts should be avoided. Drinking plenty of water helps to flush out the excess sodium.
Smoking cigars, cigarettes irritates the eyes. You may experience an allergic reaction even if you do not smoke but if you are standing near a person who is smoking. This can make the eyes water triggering under-eye swelling. You should quit smoking if you want to prevent the eye puffiness and other symptoms.
If you are sensitive to leftover smoke particles, always try to clean the surfaces and items at your home. After being around the people who smoke, always wash your clothes and hair.
A small injury or a scratch from a makeup brush or a fingernail or anything can happen around the eyes. This injury or scratch can lead to swelling under the eye as the body heals the soft and thin skin in the eye area.
A punch on the eye or a dull object causes the eyes to move downwards. Getting hit around or on the eye also causes puffy eyes. This causes constriction of the blood vessels and the blood to rush into the area and the fluid and blood trigger swelling under the eye.
Puffy eyes treatment
Numerous ways will help to reduce the puffiness of the eyes. Some of the home remedies to get rid of the puffy under eyes in the morning are simple, like by drinking more water.
Other ways may include, like cosmetic surgery depending upon the condition. Here are some of the easiest ways to reduce the puffiness under the eyes.
Increase the potassium intake
Potassium helps in the reduction of the excess of the fluids from the body, therefore you should increase your potassium intake. Leafy greens, yoghurt, bananas, beans are rich sources of potassium.
You can also switch to potassium supplement if you are not satisfied with the natural sources of potassium.
Use a cool compress
One of the puffy eye remedies is to rest a cool washed cloth on the eyelids or the areas around the eyes for about 10 minutes. This cold compress procedure helps in draining the excess of the fluid accumulated under the eyes and also reduces swelling.
Black tea or green tea bags are also very useful to remove puffy eyes. Caffeine and antioxidants present in the tea reduces inflammation and constrict blood. Cucumber is well known for it anti inflammatory properties. Placing cool cucumber slices on the eyes for about 20-25 minutes will naturally help reduce the puffiness of the eyes.
Drink plenty of water
Dehydration can also lead to puffiness of the eyes, as the body is dehydrated it tries to retain the water level and causes the area under the eye to swell. Drinking plenty of water every day is necessary to keep the skin healthy. Drinking eight glasses of water every day is considered to be a proper water intake as it helps to flush the toxins out and helps in cleaning up the eye area.
You can set an hourly reminder on your phone or you can use a refillable water bottle with specific markings units.
Under-eye cream-gel relieves the puffiness from the eyes. The ingredients present in the under-eye cream-gel minimises the under-eye bags and also reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It also lowers the visibility of the dark circles present under the eyes. It also moisturizes and protects the area around the eye.
Eye cream-gel and makeup with caffeine can be used to remove the puffy eyes, bags and also the dark circles.
Hemorrhoid creams can also reduce the under eye bags by restricting the blood flow to the area under the eye. If your eyes are swollen due to some eye allergy then eyes drops containing antihistamines can be used for relieving the symptoms.
A chemical peel is also used by surgeon in a cosmetic surgery to treat the dark circles present under the eyes.
Puffy eyes are noticeable as you age. It is because of several reasons such as allergies, poor diet or lack of sleep. Healthy lifestyle habits help to get rid of the puffiness around the eyes. Cosmetic surgery is done only if you experience chronic puffiness under the eyes.
Early treatment is very important to put a stop to the accumulation of fluid under the eyes. Read more here about the remedies to get rid of puffy eyes instantly.