Acne Breakout

Acne breakouts: Its Top 5 types and effective treatment methods

An acne breakout could irritate you. You can only think of one thing, "Why did my face suddenly break out?" The answer does not lie in feeling self-conscious or maintaining a poor quality of life. You actually need to comprehend what caused you to get into this situation and how to resolve it.

For some people, managing acne might seem like a never-ending struggle. Even when active acne has been treated, it can still leave behind scars, discoloration, and damaged skin. Don't give up if this seems all too familiar. There are effective techniques to treat acne scarring, and also some really effective and easy home remedies.

To know more about acne scars, Click here!

What is acne breakout?

A skin condition known as acne is characterized by plugged hair follicles with dirt and dead skin cells. It results in blemishes, greasy skin, and occasionally hot or uncomfortable skin to the touch.

Apart from the face, other common areas are chest, forehead, shoulders, and upper back.

Where does acne come from?

Follicular openings (pore) allow sebum from sebaceous glands to discharge onto the healthy skin surface. The follicle is lined with keratinocytes (skin cell). The keratinocytes normally moves to the skin's surface during skin cell shedding. Hair, sebum, and keratinocytes clump together in the pore.

What Is Acne Breakout

As a result, the keratinocytes are kept from shedding and sebum penetrates the skin's surface. Inflammation, redness, heat, swelling and pain, is brought on by bacteria that ordinarily reside on skin and grow in these clogged follicles. The wall of the blocked follicle collapses, releases bacteria, oil and skin cells in nearby skin, resulting in pimples.

The big question right now is how to get rid of pimples and which facial cleanser works best to prevent them.

Why do acne breakouts appear?

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Puberty
  • Genetics
  • Lack of hygiene
  • Stress
  • Medications
  • Environmental damage

Distinguishing acne breakouts


Blackheads: Your skin grows tiny pimples known as "blackheads", result of blocked hair follicles. These lumps are referred to as blackheads because the surface appears dark or black.

Whiteheads: Closed lumps on your skin when dead and skin oil combine to block oil glands or hair follicles. These generally appear white in color.

Papules: A tiny but solid or elevated cystic area that is smaller than 1 centimeter across on the skin.

Pustules: Pimples filled with pus inside. Like whiteheads they have small red circles around them. They could leave scars if plucked at or scratched.

Nodules: A form of acne that grows just below the skin. They may also appear in internal organs or deeper skin tissues. They are large and hurt.

Cysts: Pus-filled acne with an unusually red look. These could leave wounds and terrible scars.

Enter Derma Essentia's acne quiz to learn what type of acne you have.

Acne treatment at home that works

Tea tree oil

Like several other essential oils, tea tree oil is often recommended as a home remedy for acne breakouts. Tea Tree Oil is a miraculous cure for the majority of bacterial infections. Studies have shown that it is just as powerful as benzoyl peroxide, the most popular over-the-counter acne treatment when used on acne scars. Tea tree oil instantly relieves skin infections, itching, and redness since it has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties.

Just find organic tea tree oil and with a cotton pad spread/ dab it on the infected area and you will notice the magic in no time.

Apple cider vinegar

There are many disorders for which apple cider vinegar is regarded to be effective for, and acne symptoms are one of those. Its natural acids combat bacteria, germs, and oil, and lactic and succinic acids reduce inflammation and aid in the healing of acne scars.

To treat acne at home, combine one part apple cider vinegar with three parts water, then dab on the afflicted areas.

Aloe vera

Aloe Vera has always been a go-to for a wide range of diseases, including acne blemishes, thanks to its many therapeutic properties that span over the years. While its astringent effects reduce sebum production and the accumulation of debris, preventing an environment for acnes to breed in the first place, its anti-fungal properties prevent infections, hasten healing, and relieve skin irritation. How: To get the advantages of healthy, spotless skin, scrape fresh Aloe Vera pulp off the leaves and apply it to your face twice daily.

Green tea

Green tea is good for more than just sipping because it is rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, and tannins. It naturally lowers blood sugar levels and insulin levels, which are acne-causing factors, making it one of the finest home acne treatments. When applied topically, its main constituent, EGCG (epigallocatechin-3-gallate), can help reduce sebum production, irritation, and the proliferation of harmful P. acnes. To cure acne scars, prepare a pot at home and apply it with a spritzer or cotton ball once it has cooled.

Honey, cinnamon mask

Honey and cinnamon wood extract worked together to kill P. acnes a potent strain that causes acne. Honey can stop the growth of P. acnes or even get rid of it on its own. While the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties of honey and cinnamon may reduce acne but not much studies are available. This face pack includes 2 ingredients mixed together (1 tea spoon cinnamon and 2 tea spoons honey).

How dermatologists deal with acne?

How To Lessen Acne Breakouts

  • For whiteheads and blackheads or both: A retinoid, benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, or salicylic acid with oral antibiotics can be used for acne
  • For Pimples: Benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, Azelaic acid, Benzoyl peroxide with antibiotics
  • For Acne nodules and cysts: Using topical prescription medicine and taking an antibiotic hormonal treatment (women only) Isotretinoin (medication licenced to treat severe acne)
  • Light /Laser therapy: Studies have shown that acne can be cleared up using laser and light technology. When used in conjunction with other acne treatments, this kind of therapy performs best. Learn more: Lasers and lights treatments.
  • A corticosteroid injection: A physician can inject a corticosteroid into a deep, big, and painful area of acne. This can significantly reduce both the breakout's size and its discomfort. This method is only used to treat severe acne outbreaks, despite its effectiveness. It can have negative effects if used frequently.
  • Microneedling: In order to promote collagen formation, the skin around the acne scar is micro needled throughout the procedure. By enhancing skin smoothness, this collagen may lessen the severity of acne marks.

Effective methods for preventing acne breakouts

  • Healthy eating and drinking habits
  • Changes in lifestyle
  • Choose a good skincare routine/products according to your skin type
  • Avoid wearing heavy makeup
  • Always go out wearing a good sunscreen
  • Stop scratching, rubbing and pinching
  • Always wash your face before going to bed

Take Aways

It's bad to have acne and black spots since they leave behind unpleasant skin-imperfection marks. Everybody wants quick and efficient techniques to lessen swelling and the possibility of developing unsightly dark patches.

The aforementioned natural therapies work well on the skin since they quickly fade acne scars. If your acne problems do not improve after using these home remedies, see a doctor right away because it may be caused by a hormonal imbalance that requires specific care.


Q. How can I prevent acne outbreaks?

Ans. Changes in lifestyle and having a good and clean diet helps a lot. Further if you have severe acne do not touch and scratch them. Consult your doctor if you feel anything unusual.

Q. Which foods can result in acne?

Ans. Puffed rice, white bread, corn flakes, pastries, potato chips, fries, sweet beverages like white rice, and milkshakes are a few examples. Results from modest research indicate that eating a low-glycemic diet may help you have less acne.

Q. What is the duration of acne breakouts

Ans. The majority of pimples disappear on their own in 1-2 weeks. Some processes can take six weeks. Although they cannot be treated immediately, they can be treated with a variety of techniques that have been shown to be effective, including topical antibiotics and cosmetic technology.

Q. What induces acne outbreaks?

Ans. Sebum, and dead skin cells clog hair follicles, resulting in acne. Bacteria can also cause infection and inflammation, which worsens the acne.

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