Dandruff is the most common scalp condition, and people often wonder how to get rid of dandruff effectively and permanently. This article comprehensively answers all the apprehensions related to dandruff, and you will know the best home remedies for dandruff control.
Home remedies for dandruff include lemon juice, aloe vera, apple cider vinegar, neem oil, tea tree oil, and many more things. Let’s discuss these home remedies in detail in the following article.
We’ll cover the following points about dandruff, home remedies for dandruff, causes & more:
1. What is Dandruff?
2. How Dandruff Occurs?
3. What causes Dandruff?
4. What are the risk factors for getting dandruff?
5. How to get rid of dandruff permanently?
6. How to remove dandruff quickly through home remedies?
7. How to avoid dandruff?
8. Which shampoo is best for dandruff?
9. How anti-dandruff shampoo works?
What is Dandruff?
Old skin cells, including the scalp, are regularly replaced by new cells. In the general case, the number of old cells that shred is too less to be seen. However, in the case of dandruff, the number of shredded cells is high, and when mixed with oil, they form a clump or flakes that can easily be seen.
It is a common condition characterized by the presence of flaky skin on the scalp. The patient also experiences other symptoms such as itching, redness and tingly feeling. In most cases, it is non-serious, and its control is possible. However, it causes visible flaky skin on the hairs as well as on the clothes which sometimes causes embarrassment.
If the condition is not controlled at an initial stage, it progresses to an advanced stage known as seborrheic dermatitis resulting in inflammation of the scalp.
How Dandruff Occurs?
It has been found that the causative agent responsible for dandruff is a fungus known as Malassezia globose, which is specific to the scalp. Skin, as well as scalp, produces sebum. This sebum contains triglycerides. Malassezia globosa converts these metabolize these triglycerides by the action of the lipase enzyme present in the fungus.
This results in the production of a lipid by-product, oleic acid. Patients suffering from this condition have an increased level of this fungus resulting in a higher amount of oleic acid on the scalp. The excess oleic acid penetrates the scalp and alters homeostasis in the stratum corneum layer. This results in flaking of the scalp.
What causes Dandruff?
Various reasons for dandruff are as follows:
- Hair products contain harmful chemicals that irritate the scalp and cause flak formation.
- Malassezia globosa is a fungus present in the scalp of almost all the people. The condition develops when the activity of this fungi increases, irritating the scalp.
- Poor hair hygiene is another cause. Excess oil present on the scalp may initiate the flake formation.
- Dry skin also results in it, although the flakes formed are smaller and less oily as compared to oily skin people.
- Combination of excess oil and the presence of fungus triggers the formation of flakes.
- Various skin conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis increase its risk.
- Underlying medical conditions such as AIDS and Parkinson’s disease also have dandruff as their symptoms.
- The condition is also caused by an unhealthy diet devoid of proteins and biotin.
- Poor psychological health, such as the presence of stress worsens the symptoms.
- Hormonal alterations, especially during puberty, also contribute to its development.
- Environmental conditions, such as weather and pollution, also cause it.
What are the risk factors for getting dandruff?
Gender: The condition is more likely to occur in males as compared to females. Researchers believe that the presence of the male hormone is responsible for this gender biases.
Age: This condition generally starts from a young age and remains until the middle age. However, some people suffer from this condition throughout life.
Scalp characteristics: Increase in quantity of oil in the scalp increases its risk.
Do males are more affected by dandruff as compared to females?
Although it occurs in both males and females, however, males are more prone to develop dandruff as compared to females. It is believed that male hormones play an essential role in the development of it.
How to get rid of dandruff permanently?
For permanently treating the condition, a comprehensive treatment plan is required. The treatment plan should be such that it attacks it from inside as well as outside. Following are some of the methods to treat this condition:
Healthy diet: A healthy diet results in healthy hair and scalp that will result in hair growth. People suffering from this condition should incorporate foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids, and protein in their diet.
Zinc and biotin for hair are also crucial for healthy hair. Adding green leafy vegetables to your diet prevents scalp infection. Limit the quantity of sugar.
Stress management: Although stress does not have any direct involvement with its formation, research indicates that stress reduces the ability of the body for fighting against pathogens. Stress causes difficulty in dandruff treatment and may worsen the symptoms.
Avoiding excess hair products: Using excess hair products increases the incidence of developing it and makes their removal an uphill task. Chemicals in hair products irritate the scalp and increase the cell turnover rate. These cells mixed with oil and other chemical results in flaking.
Caring hairs: Caring for hairs is one of the primary requirements of a dandruff-free hair. The hair should be thoroughly washed frequently to remove dirt and oil. Further, various shampoos and lotions are available in the market that is effective in treating this condition.
Various dandruff solutions with dandruff medicines are available in the market. Salicylic acid-containing products also help reduce the symptoms of dandruff.
Home remedy for dandruff
Following are some of the home remedies for dandruff quickly countering this condition:
Lemon for dandruff:
The citric acid present in lemon juice is highly effective in treating it. Citric acid removes the excess oil present in the scalp and regulates the pH. A cup of water with few drops of lemon juice is excellent for massaging the scalp. Coconut oil can also be added with lime juice for increased efficacy.
Aloe vera for dandruff:
Aloe vera possesses various vital properties which make it an ideal home remedy for dandruff. Aloe vera reduces scalp inflammation because of the presence of various enzymes. Further, it also possesses moisturizing and antioxidant properties.
Apple cider vinegar for dandruff:
Apple cider vinegar is a powerful cleanser that removes the excess oil and opens the pores. It also has a pH balancing property. Mix Apple cider vinegar with water in 2:3 ratio and rinse the hair after shampooing.
Neem oil for dandruff:
Neem oil, with an antimicrobial property, is also useful in the treatment of it. A thick paste of neem leaves is made with the help of a food processor. Apply this paste on the hair and leave it for 10-15 minutes. Wash off the paste with water.
Tea tree oil is considered as one of the finest natural anti dandruff agents. Tea tree oil has potent anti-fungal properties. Adding a few drops of tea tree oil in your shampoo does magic against it.
Is Dandruff Contagious?
Dandruff is not a contagious condition. Most common causative agents, i.e. oil and the fungus, are already present on the scalp. However, people who are sensitive to the interaction of oil and fungi are more prone to developing this condition. This interaction results in increases in the production of cells resulting in flake formation.
How to avoid dandruff?
Although various effective treatment options for dandruff are available prevention is always better than cure. Various preventive measures can be adopted to reduce their risk. These includes:
- Avoid chemical containing hair products, especially if your scalp is too sensitive. It has been found that these chemicals destroy the bacteria required for fighting against fungus.
- Do not scratch the scalp while applying shampoo. Gently massage.
- Use essential oils such as tea tree oil to prevent a fungal infection
- Limited solar exposure is also an effective method for its prevention.
Is there any effect of hair products such as styling gel on dandruff?
Hair products are also one of the causative agents of dandruff. Although hair products are not solely responsible, they contribute to developing the condition.
General hair products such as styling gels, mousses, waxes and hairsprays are more prone to have side effects in people with a highly sensitive scalp. These people experience itching, irritation, and flakes.
Although masses commonly use the hair products for keeping the hair set, improper removal of such products from the scalp results in various disorders. Hair products contain chemicals. When these are not removed properly, they get accumulated along with oil and dirt, resulting in scalp inflammation and itching.
Which shampoo is best for dandruff?
Various types of shampoo are available in the market. The shampoo to be used depends upon the requirement of the user. Almost all the current anti-dandruff shampoo available contains Ketoconazole & Zinc Pyrithione. Other ingredients vary with the simultaneous condition of hair.
Dandruff, along with the damaged hairs requires enough quantity of moisturizing ingredients while the sensitive and itchy scalp is managed through various plant extracts. Shampoo for people with thin and damaged hair contains nourishing agents.
How does anti dandruff shampoo work?
The primary aim of all the treatments is to prevent the flakes from occurring, reduction in scalp cell turnover and to prevent the clumping of flakes. Different ingredients are used in the shampoo to serve different purposes. Best Anti dandruff shampoo works by comprehensively eliminating the risk factors as well as causes of dandruff.
First, it removes excess oil and dirt from the scalp, which is a potential cause of dandruff. Second, ingredients such as Zinc Pyrithione possesses a fungistatic activity and prevents the growth of dandruff causing fungi. Other ingredients inside the shampoo moisturize the scalp and to avoid flake accumulation.
Is this possible that my condition is not improved after using shampoo?
Regular use of the shampoo, especially an anti-dandruff shampoo, is highly effective in controlling the condition. Failure to prevent flakes even after regular shampoo indicates some other problem.
Various dermal and scalp issues have flakes as their symptoms. Scalp psoriasis also causes flakes and is characterized by silver-grey flakes along with red and inflamed scalp.
Eczema also results in flake formation. In eczema, the scalp is red and swollen along with flakes. Whatever be the reason, any uncontrolled flakes should be brought to the notice of dermatologists.
Is conditioner is allowed to be used with anti-dandruff shampoo?
Many people think that applying deep hair conditioner after shampoo interferes with the anti-dandruff property of shampoo. However, this is not the case with most shampoos available in the market. Conditioner has no impact on the therapeutic property of shampoo.
Also, Dry hairs are one of the reasons listed for causing this condition. Thus, proper conditioning is required to maintain moisture in the hair.
Is there any connection between the amount of leather formed and efficacy of shampoo?
There is no connection between the amount of leather and the efficacy of shampoo. The ingredients present in the shampoo performs the function of maintaining the hygienic environment of the scalp and the anti-dandruff effect. Then why at all the companies prefer to market the shampoo with leather? It is because of two reasons.
First, there is a common misconception among the public that more leather means more efficacy which makes the company incorporate leathering mechanism in the shampoo.
Second, through leather, the person knows from where and when he must rinse the hair to remove the shampoo from scalp and hairs. It is also to be noted that applying the shampoo more than the required amount does not offer extra cleaning of hair. Shampoo equal to the size of a coin in the palm is enough for hair at shoulder length.