What Causes Dandruff ? Choose Best Dandruff Shampoo for You

Many of you certainly go for shampoos after watching the advertisements of anti-dandruff shampoos on television. Also, as per the scientific data, “approximately 50% of the general adult population faces the problem of hair dandruff in their lifetime.”

This is why the market is loaded with dandruff remedy hair care products. It becomes very difficult to choose the best anti dandruff shampoo for your hair.

The itchy scalp, flaky skin with no signs of inflammation is more serious than you think.


Best Shampoo for Dandruff and hair fall in India, When It Comes To Your Hair Health?

After detergent treatment, in comparison to 487,000 cells/sq cm scaling during normal days, the scaling during dandruff goes up to 800,000 cells/sq cm. f the this problem is not managed properly, this problem may lead to inflammation, scarring, seborrheic dermatitis, retarded hair growth and hair loss.

Not only this, but it also affects people’s self-esteem negatively. Therefore, don’t make your choice only based on brand or advert.

Let’s spend some time exploring what criteria are essential to choosing an anti dandruff shampoo. But first, let’s find out what causes this dandruff flakes to happen as the management of it should start with preventive measures.

What Causes Dandruff?



It is not entirely true, but yes, there are some factors which are hereditary and can lead to dandruff, for instance, sensitivity to oleic acid.


The extremely high sugar content may lead to it because sugary items stimulate the overgrowth of yeast which is associated with it. Also, sugar tends to diminish vitamin B, which is an anti dandruff component.


No doubts, oil is essential to keep the scalp moisturized, but excess production of oil is also harmful as it may trigger the growth of fungus Malassezia globosa and can cause dandruff. One of the major causes behind this upsurge in oil secretion is hormonal (estrogen or progesterone) imbalance.


Some of the harsh chemicals in the dye itself can lead to the irritated scalp, which further may cause dandruff. Also, such chemicals tend to draw out moisture from the scalp and make skin vulnerable to it.


After some days, our hair becomes the home of sweat, oil and dead cells, which only can be washed away with a proper hair wash. But, in failure to do so, dandruff may occur, which further can also rise to severe problems like Tinea capitis.


Stress arising from long working hours, personal crisis or other reason may aggravate hormonal imbalance or stimulate inflammatory chemicals, which adversely affects your scalp’s barrier functionality.


In this season, our skin faces more dry conditions as compared to the other seasons, which leads to dry scalp and this is also one of the reasons for having dandruff.


Seems to be unrelated, but yes, an imbalance in healthy gut bacteria and nutrients may also lead to it.

We can’t do anything with genetic pre-deposition, but other reasons for dandruff can be manageable.Fight dandruff by consuming oily or sugary items, adding food items rich in omega-3, biotin food, keeping proper hygiene, avoiding stress, using less colouring agents, including exercise, detoxifying stomach and using some home remedies.

More importantly, when we talk about proper hygiene, then the first thing that comes to mind is How to reduce dandruff ?

With this, the criteria on which we decide which shampoo is good for dandruff ?

What are the criteria to choose the best anti-dandruff shampoo for men and women?

#1: Dermatologically Tested

#2: Scalp-Friendly Ingredients

#3: Mild Shampoo

#4: ph balanced shampoo

#5: Moisturizing shampoo


#1 Dermatologically Tested Shampoo


Do you ever look like your shampoo is dermatologically tested?

Because it is one of the important things that every skincare or hair care product should go through…

“Dermatologically tested” label assures the efficacy and safety of dandruff medicine

  • Product is safe
  • Product has been tested on human skin
  • Product is well-tolerated by the persons who tested it

#2: Scalp Friendly Shampoo


A scalp dandruff shampoo must have ingredients that reduce it from your scalp thoroughly. Most of these best dandruff treatments contain ingredients which are strong and harsh, which in the long run can damage the hair.

However, the need of today is the shampoo which is

  • Free of harmful chemicals
  • Possibly natural and skin-friendly
  • Effectively removes excess oil, dirt and grime

As your scalp is already facing harsh factors originating from surroundings embedded with harmful pollutants and UV rays, the usage of harsh components make it more prone to diseases after a particular time.

So, Let’s understand best scalp friendly shampoo ingredients

The components like piroctone olamine, ichthyol pale, a vitamin b5, natural oils (lemon oil and tea tree oil) etc. are best to have in an hair dandruff treatment.

Piroctone Olamine

This ingredient exhibits a similar impact on fungal that causes dandruff as the renowned ingredient ketoconazole does. However, along with managing the problem, piroctone olamine also stimulates hair growth and prevents hair fall.

Ichthyol Pale

With its versatile properties such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-seborrheic (sebum regulation) properties, ichthyol pale is the best documented active ingredient with good safety outcomes.


This vitamin B5 is essential to maintain healthy and beautiful hair, nails and skin. Dexpanthenol acts as a cleanser which aids in reducing excess sebum stimulation in this skin condition.

Lemon Oil

According to many scientific studies, “With the higher concentration of citric acid, lemon juice exhibits significant anti-microbial action against both bacterial and fungi.”

The flavonoids, iron, and vitamin C enrich lemon oil is essential for hair and skin. It also helps to balance the pH of scalp to keep dandruff and other hair problems away, eliminates excess sebum and strengthens hair follicles.

Tea Tree Oil

This oil penetrates deeper into the scalp, disperse significant anti fungal and anti inflammatory actions and tackle the problem.

A product enriched with these ingredients would be the best choice for alleviating scalp flake free.

#3: Mild Shampoo


A dandruff shampoo should have the quality to work for every type of hair. A product enriched with the perfect choice of natural oils and scalp-friendly ingredients found to be suitable for both dry and oily scalp.

#4: ph balanced shampoo


All of you definitely heard of this term, the pH. Either it is water or the blood, everything has a specific pH.

Same, the healthy hair also has a pH.

The pH balanced formula is not only for coloured hair, but it is the need of all.

The tiny shafts of hair, when in contact with strong and harsh hair products, got damaged. Therefore, a shampoo does contain ingredients like panthenol or lemon to maintain the pH of hair.

#5: Moisturizing shampoo


Finding a moisturizing shampoo is a task along with dandruff control action. However, it can be possible with the right combination of ingredients.

A moisturizing shampoo

  • Cleanses dirt and unwanted oil and covers the hair locks with adequate moisture
  • Hydrates the hair strands
  • Contains hair nourishing ingredients that nurture the hair from deep

Shampoo with these criteria is the best to use to get rid of dandruff and to get healthy nourished hair.

Which Shampoo is best for dandruff?

The solution is derma essentia anti dandruff shampoo with the enrichment of piroctone olamine, ichthyol pale, dexpanthenol, lemon oil and tea tree oil provides an overall pack which significantly alleviates dandruff, improves hair texture, and enhance moisturization.


Moreover, this best shampoo is suitable for all hair types, both men and women and is paraben-free and dermatologically tested. Give a try and feel a beautiful change in your hair.

FAQs on Anti-dandruff Shampoo:

1. How to use anti dandruff shampoo ?

Thoroughly wet your hair, pour an adequate amount of shampoo on your palm, apply on your scalp, gently massage for 2-3 mins and rinse properly. For best results use it three times a week."

2. Does anti dandruff shampoo cause grey hair?

No, not at all. But if you use products with harsh chemicals or excessive hair colors or dyes may cost you with grey hair.

3. Does anti dandruff shampoo work?

The ingredients in the anti-dandruff shampoo Piroctone Olamine act against the root cause of dandruff i.e. fungi Malassezia globosa and helps to get rid of dandruff.

4. Does Dandruff cause hair fall?

The overgrowth of Malassezia yeasts on the scalp may lead to hair shedding.

5. What causes dandruff?

Excessive fungal growth on scalp Malassezia globose and Malassezia restricta, high sebum secretion and disturbed epidermal barrier integrity can cause dandruff.

6. How to prevent dandruff?

Cleanse your scalp with an anti-dandruff shampoo formulated anti-fungal agents and maintain proper hydration on your scalp. Don't over-wash hair.

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